The United Nations and Palestine: origins, evolution and key issues

No. 34 – December 2014
Author: Diego Del Priore
Language: English
Israeli-Palestinian peace process
Palestinian refugees
Israeli settlements

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On the occasion of the International Year of the Solidarity with the Palestinian People proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations with the resolution A/68/12 of November 26th 2013, this report aims at drawing an analysis of the role of the United Nations in the Palestinian question, the relationship with the State of Israel and the core themes intimately linked to the conflict. The proclamation of the State of Israel (May 14th 1948) and the conflict between the Israeli armed forces and the Arab armies constitute a controversial milestone in the history of the conflict. The military operations created around 750.000 Palestinian refugees in what has remained in the memory of the Palestinian people as the Nakba, the Catastrophe. Still today, the two-State solution, despite political hardships, is the irreducible core of the “peace process” and the question of the Palestinian refugees constitutes one of the thorniest issues related to the conflict. The continual construction of Israeli settlements in the West Bank and in East Jerusalem represents another obstacle to the concrete realization of a Palestinian State endowed with a real territorial integrity and contiguity. In the same year of the bloodshed in the Gaza strip many issues remain unsolved, as the situation on the ground and the progressive Israeli colonization have been worsening the economic and social condition of the Palestinian people. Such a report, mainly based on official documents, constitutes an attempt to retrace the fundamental steps of the UN involvement in Palestine and, in the light of the latest developments, to submit to the attention of the reader other potential perspectives for a comprehensive and lasting settlement of the conflict.