No. 49 – July 2015
Author: Diego Del Priore
The report aims at giving a wider analysis of the changes in the geopolitical panorama of a region in the midst of a magmatic situation. The past year can arguably be considered a turning point in the political history of Turkey. In August, the president Recep Tayyp Erdogan has been elected president of the Republic, the first directly elected by Turkish citizens. Such an institutional step marked a substantive strengthening of the very president Erdogan and of the Justice and Development Party (AKP). “New Turkey” has become an important concept in the political Turkish lexicon. The emergence of new dynamic actors, such as the Islamic State, the war in Syria and the more distant, but equally influential crisis in Ukraine are all elements that contribute to configure a precarious theatre. In this context, Turkey takes on a stewardship position. Its importance derives from many factors: the relation with Europe, Ankara’s policies toward the IS, the relation with the Russian Federation. This analysis wants to draw the role of Turkey in this multi-faceted context. Moving from its domestic political situation, with the strengthened role of the President Erdogan, a specific focus will be addressed to the relations with Europe and Russia. Also, the particular Turkish stance in the current Syrian crisis and its policy toward the IS will be taken into consideration. The report cannot abstain from considering what seems to be a redesign of traditional relations in the region, where issues such gas supply and security are involved.