No. 50 – August 2015
Author: Maria Veronica Camerada
The report examines the system of socio-economic inequalities that characterizes industrialized societies, observed jointly with the lobbying carried out by large pressure groups. Starting from the issues related to the high instability and volatility in our markets, we analyze the results produced by the research conducted mainly by four authors (Stiglitz, 2013, Piketty 2014, Saez and Zucman 2014) to highlight the structural weaknesses of public governance, inside which, often, the major stakeholders operate in the absence of proper regulation. It explores the close relationship between the political and economic power of the elites, whose lobbies represent the highest point of view. Lobbies, in fact, define, through their activities, the link between the public and private spheres of governance. The State has a duty to define the line between individual interests and the collective and balance the roles and spheres of the influence of private stakeholders, in the social interest and overall. In the praxis, in the various areas in which the economy operates and manufactures their effects, especially in the financial sector, the level of power exercised by lobbyists exceeds the limit of the virtuous link between political and economic spheres, transforming the process of integration between the two worlds into a systemic dysfunction that generates socio-economic centers and peripheries that also evolve within the community, in which strong pluralistic realities legitimately coexist. The consequences are those of an irreversible fragmentation of society into two levels: on one hand there is a majority of taxpayers less exposed to the process of public governance, plagued by recession, the austerity and predatory behavior generated by this, and on the other there is the elite patron who lives at the apex of the social scale, within the major powers, which is a small part of the population.