Potere e donne in Rwanda: costruzione dello Stato e identità nazionale attraverso le categorie di genere


No. 67 – January 201667. Marena_cover
Author: Davide Marena
Language: Italian
Keywords:
Rwanda
Gender studies
State-building

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Abstract
This paper focuses on an analysis of Rwanda through a gendered interpretative lens, both in the 1994 genocide period, both during and after. The use of a gender approach allows us to understand the current social changes, which have led to a significant improvement of the living conditions of women in contemporary Rwandan society. The analysis follows a chronological path, which allows us to identify gender differences in the conduct of genocidal violence in 1994 and see how it was used the gender by Hutu extremists. The genocide, as historic watershed, creates a real break with the past and the regime change involves the replacement of ethnicity to gender as categories on which to build the new national policy. In fact, after the phase of national reconstruction women have played a central role with unprecedented public spaces, bringing significant changes in gender roles. The innovative idea of this paper is to understand the reasons that underlie the gender transformation that characterize the contemporary Rwanda, analyzing the identity construction of the new state through public rhetoric.

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