No. 68 – February 2016
Author: Simona Bottoni
Port of Mariel
Geopolitical balance in Latin America
Latin America is constantly changing. In the last decades the loss of US influence in the subcontinent resulted in a reorganization of the geopolitical balance in the area. The global growing role of China influenced also Latin America because Beijing is the largest partner of many Latin American countries; first of all Brazil, which today can be considered a regional leader and a global player thanks to its size, population and resources. It is therefore useful a comparison between Brazilian reality and those ones of liberal and Bolivarian areas. Other objectives are to analyse how integration processes are favored by international organizations and the relationship between the hegemonic powers (USA, Russia and China) and Latin America. The recent opening of the USA to Cuba is also due to the growing interests of the other major powers for the Central American area, especially for the significant effects that would have for their economies control and management of new and improved lines of communication between the Atlantic and the Pacific (Nicaraguan Canal, expansion of Panama Canal, Port of Mariel).