No. 71 – March 2016
Author: Filippo Romeo
The Bolivarian Constitution is one of the first emblematic deeds in the Chávez era. Adopted by the referendum of 15 December 1999, it lays the judcial bases to change the Venezuela’s geopolitical paradigm. According to authoritative comparative studies, the Bolivarian Constitution basics have their roots in Projecto de Costitucion para la Repùblica Bolivariana by Libertador Simon Bolivar (1826). The contitutional paper has surely represented the Platform for the drastic political change created by the Bolivarian Revolution led by Ugo Chávez, occuring through elaborating new lines and new directions contained therein, through which the Country succeeded in acquiring its autonomy and value in both the regional area and the wider international context. There is no doubt that the achievement of these results is largely due to President Chávez, who ably made use of the Country’s conspicuous energy resources and geographical position and inverted the route which had in the years before his government seen Venezuela completely aligned with Washington politics, making it a reference point for many Countries in the area. Following the Parliamentary election defeat and the dramatic economic situation the Country was cast into, Maduro’s Venezuela has to face a crisis of such proportions that may be fatal for the evolutionary process. In fact, almost as a joke of destiny relating to the balanced constitutional architecture, the opposition may make use of the referendum tool, provided for thereby, to mark the immediate end of the Maduro Presidency and thereby the revolution’s definitive dismissal.