La Russia nella «geometria libera» della politica internazionale


No. 76 – April 201676. Volodin_cover

Author: Andrej Volodin
Translator: Giannicola Saldutti
Language: Italian
Keywords:
Russia
BRICS
Multipolarism
SCO
Pax Americana

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Abstract
The new multipolar world order represents a reality by now. Many platforms are born in order to guarantee this change in the global architecture’s model: BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) represents a clear example of international format based on geopolitical interests between Countries very far from a geographical, historical and, first of all, ideological point of view. We are talking about the «loose geometry of international relations», a slogan made up by Emmanuel Todd to define this new model in building relations in the multipolar world, a model which takes place in opposition to the ideological bipolar system born during the Cold War and, first of all, to the following US unipolar vision of foreign politics dominating during the 90’s. The report’s aim is to analyse the particular position of Russia inside different platforms as BRICS, RIC and SCO which operate in order to build this new model of cooperation between nations and to defend the strategic interests of these «new» actors. There’s no doubt about the decisive role played by the USSR’s fall in the weakening of Russia inside international relations’ system. But how to improve this position considering these new possibilities offered by the new contemporary foreign politics’ approach? And how to put together different strategical foreign politics’ vectors? The author analyses all the contradictions found in this new model of cooperation trying to give some interesting considerations about the possible developments of the future geopolitical balances. A future, according to Andrej Volodin, always more strongly linked to the movements of three decisive actors: EU, Russia and Japan. The future Russian approach to internal economic problems will be decisive in order to improve the status and the reliability of the “biggest Country in the world” among the members of different formats, India and China above all. In this sense, according to the author, a restoration of the leading role of the State on economic topics and internal development represents an essential factor in order to draw a precise strategy which can give to Russia a chance to defend its leading position of super power on the global scene.

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