No. 85 – August 2016
Author: Alvaro Galassi
The transformation started in the second half of the twentieth century in Africa is an unprecedented process in the history of the African continent. The push of the pan-African movement that led the struggle for decolonization have initiated a process of social and economic change culminated with the establishment of the Organization of African Unity, which later became the African Union. The objective of this report is to analyze the steps that led African states to achieve the institutional unit, playing particular attention on two of the biggest challenge that the Union needs to respond, the issue of security and the struggle for the recognition of the role of leading country. Today, the African Union still appears not completely fulfilled, torn by internal conflicts and dependent on international aids. The African renaissance has not yet been realized, but the path of progress undertaken, if regularly supported by the effort of the whole African community, will bring Africa to finally become a global power.